What is Epigastric Pain? All About the Causes and the Treatment

What is Epigastric Pain? All About the Causes and the Treatment
Photo by mohamed Hassan from Pixabay

Tripboba.com - There are numerous stomach related issues related to epigastric pain, just as other basic conditions that can cause pain on your stomach. 

Certain cases might be dangerous, and it is critical to work with a specialist to comprehend the contrast between a direct cause for epigastric pain and an increasingly actual hidden condition.

1. What is epigastric pain?

Photo by Polina Zimmerman from Pexels

Epigastric pain is a pain that is limited to the area of the upper abdomen under the ribs. Frequently, the individuals who experience this sort of pain feel it during or directly in the middle of eating or on the off chance that they rest too early.

It is a typical side effect of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or indigestion. It might be related to the gastric substance moving upward into the rear of the throat, causing inflammation and pain. 

Epigastric pain may likewise happen with conditions that cause inflammation of the stomach related organs, for example, gastritis and pancreatitis. Pregnant women may experience epigastric pain because of expanded stomach pressure and hormonal changes that moderate the stomach related procedure.

Epigastric pain can likewise emerge from conditions that weaken the common stomach related issues, such as peptic ulcers, Hiatal hernias, or gallstones. In these cases, it might frequently happen after suppers, and it might get incessant.

 2. Causes of epigastric pain

Photo by Elionas2 from Pixabay

Epigastric pain is a typical indication of an upset stomach, which can be due to long-haul gastrointestinal issues or merely the incidental episode of acid reflux. 


Heartburn, for most cases, happens after eating. At the point when an individual eats something, the stomach produces corrosive to process the food. Then, this acid can increase the coating of the stomach related structure. 

Acid reflux can cause manifestations, for example, 

  • burping 
  • swelling in the midsection 
  • feeling full regardless of whether the segment size was not enormous 
  • sickness 

These side effects are frequently felt close by epigastric pain. While heartburn happens to everybody, it might be an indication that an individual is inclined to something they have recently eaten.

Acid reflux and GERD

Indigestion happens when the stomach acid used in absorption gets backed up in the food pipe (esophagus). Acid reflux usually generates pain in the chest and throat, which is widely known as heartburn. This feeling may also cause epigastric pain.

Other typical side effects of indigestion include: 

  • a persistent sore throat
  • consuming or throbbing chest pain 
  • sensing that there is a bump in the throat or chest 
  • acidic or a vomit-like taste inside the mouth 
  • indigestion
  • a persistent cough 

Persistent heartburn can harm the food pipe and may cause gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. Individuals with GERD experience epigastric pain and indications of acid reflux as often as possible and may require treatment and dietary changes to deal with it. 

A few instances of GERD can prompt a condition called Barrett's throat, where the tissue of the food pipe begins to resemble the fabric in the intestines.

Lactose intolerance

Photo by Devanath from Pixabay

Lactose intolerance happens when your body experiences difficulty processing dairy items, for example, milk or cheddar. Dairy items all contain a kind of sugar called lactose. Usually, side effects will happen each time you eat dairy. 

Lactose intolerance frequently appears when you need more lactase in your body. This compound is significant in separating the sugar lactose.

Primary symptoms of lactose intolerance include: 

  • gas
  • nausea or vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • stomach pains
  • cramps and bloating


Photo by 지원 이 from Pixabay

Eating more than the standard may cause the stomach to expand beyond its normal capacity. If the stomach expands way too overboard, it can pressure the organs around the stomach and result in epigastric pain.

Not only epigastric pain, but you will also get indigestion, acid reflux, and heartburn if you eat too much.


Photo by Pexels from Pixabay

Moderate drinking or around one beverage for each day typically doesn't cause stomach pain or intestines.

But, drinking too much alcohol at once or over long periods of time can cause inflammation in the lining of the stomach. This inflammation can lead to epigastric pain and other digestive issues.

Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol will cause severe conditions, such as: 

  • gastritis (stomach inflammation)
  • pancreatitis (irritation of the pancreas)
  • liver infection

3. Epigastric pain treatment

Treatment for epigastric pain actually depends on the cause. If your pain is an aftereffect of your eating routine, your PCP may suggest that you should change your eating habit or way of life. 

Or, if overeating is actually the cause of your epigastric pain, you are advised to eat smaller portions and eat filling foods, such as lean proteins. You should also avoid foods that cause gas.

On top of that, conditions such as GERD, peptic ulcers, and Barrett’s esophagus may require long-term treatment for the recovery. It is highly recommended to consult to the doctor to find a treatment plan that works for them.

If a doctor thinks that taking certain medications is the cause of the pain, they may recommend switching to a new drug or else reducing the dosage.

Over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription antacids might be helpful to reduce frequent acid reflux and epigastric pain caused by stomach acid.


  1. 36 Questions That Lead to Love: With Tips How to Do It Properly!
  2. Best 75+ Who Knows Me Better Questions To Ask To Your Friends And Family!
  3. 110+ Patriotic Independence Day Greetings to Complete Your Independence Day Celebration
  4. 80+ Dad Jokes 2020 and Other Dad Jokes That Will Crack You Up
  5. 150+ Funny Questions to Ask on Instagram Story to Build A Deeper Relationship with Your Followers