How to Stop Throwing Up: Know the Causes and What to Do!

How to Stop Throwing Up: Know the Causes and What to Do!
Photo by Brittany Colette from Unsplash
SHARE - Vomiting or throwing up is a condition when the body is forcing stomach's content out through the mouth. Throwing up is accompanied by contractions of the stomach and abdominal muscles. 

Usually, nausea and vomiting are not a disease, but a symptom indicating that someone is experiencing a health problem. Don’t worry, in this article, you’ll find out how to stop throwing up by doing simple things at home. 

Causes of Throwing Up You Should Be Aware

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Throwing up can be caused by a variety of conditions and also can be the result of side effects of foods you have eaten. Consumption of alcoholic beverages or food poisoning can also cause vomiting.

However, this is not a condition to worry about. You can actually apply some of the easy ways on how to stop throwing up before considering seeing a doctor. 

Some health disorders that can cause vomiting include:

  • Gastric pains
  • Motion sickness
  • Eating too much
  • Headache or migraine
  • Nausea in early pregnancy (morning sickness)
  • Appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix)
  • Bowel obstruction due to hernia, paralytic ileus, or gallstones
  • Kidney stones
  • Side effects of antibiotics, anesthetics, or chemotherapy
  • Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Bacterial or viral infections of the digestive tract
  • Kidney infection
  • Inner ear infections, such as labyrinthitis
  • Meningitis.

If a person throws up repeatedly and is not related to the above conditions, it can be suspected that he has cyclic vomiting syndrome.

Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition that generally occurs in children around the age of 5 years. This condition is characterized by vomiting for more than 10 days and has been accompanied by complaints of weakness.

Seek immediate medical attention on how to stop vomiting if any of the following conditions occur:

  • Vomiting lasts more than two days and does not improve
  • Vomiting blood (hematemesis), especially if the blood is dark or yellow
  • Chest pain, which can be a sign of a heart attack
  • Signs of dehydration, such as dizziness or headaches
  • Weight loss due to constant vomiting
  • Suffering from diabetes.

Vomiting Diagnosis? What to Do When You Feel Like Vomiting

Vomiting Diagnosis? What to Do When You Feel Like Vomiting
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As previously explained, throwing up is a symptom that a person is experiencing a health problem. Therefore, the diagnosis made is to determine the underlying medical condition of vomiting.

This step of how to stop throwing up will help the doctor determine the right treatment method for the patient.

In the case of vomiting blood, the doctor will first stabilize the patient's condition and medical review, before diagnosing the underlying cause.

Throwing Up Treatment

Treatment of how to stop throwing up depends on the underlying cause. If vomiting occurs only once, medical advice diagnosis or treatment is not necessary. However, the patient must drink water and plenty of electrolytes to replace lost fluids and nutrients.

Other things you can do to help relieve throwing up are:

  • Take antiemetic or antiemetic drugs (eg domperidone), to reduce the frequency of vomiting
  • Eat a soft and small amount of digestible foods, such as biscuits
  • You can try to relieve it by drink ginger tea or ginger ale
  • Eat or drink little by little, to avoid vomiting
  • Inhale fresh air or get outside to get some air
  • Avoid medications that can trigger heartburn, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids.

Throwing Up Prevention

Triggers and causes of throwing up vary. Therefore, the prevention is also different, depending on the conditions that cause.

Some preventive steps that can be taken in how to stop throwing up are:

  • Take anti-hangover drugs before traveling, for example, dimenhydrinate
  • Consumption of ginger juice or sweet drinks, such as fruit juice
  • Avoid acidic drinks, such as orange juice, instead drink enough water to prevent dehydration
  • Avoid alcoholic drinks
  • Avoid spicy food
  • Do not eat too much
  • Keep your body clean, such as washing your hands regularly
  • Don't exercise right away after eating
  • Manage stress well
  • Enough rest

Throwing Up Complications

Vomiting not only expels food from the stomach but also fluids. As a result, if vomiting persists, the patient will become dehydrated and malnourished or even have deep breathing problems.

Symptoms that appear when the body lacks fluids and nutrients are weakness and headaches. If this condition occurs, the patient must immediately get medical attention.

How to Get Rid of Nausea Without Medicine

How to Get Rid of Nausea Without Medicine
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Nausea is the first symptom that generally starts to occur before you throw up. Nausea can be relieved without taking medication.

Some ways to get rid of nausea naturally that you can try these easy ways of how to stop throwing up, namely:

1. Drink Water

If you feel nauseous, drink water immediately. You can drink water, ginger water, tea, or other liquids that can make your stomach feel more comfortable. In addition, adequate fluid intake can also prevent dehydration and stomach lining.

2. Consume Easy-to-digest foods

Relieving nausea can also be done by eating bland foods that are easily digested, such as bananas, rice, biscuits, and porridge. Consume little by little but often, so that food can be digested slowly.

3. Avoid Certain Foods and Drinks

Avoid fried foods, spicy foods, coffee, and soft drinks until nausea subsides. Sometimes the pungent smell of certain foods or drinks can also cause nausea and exceeds produced of stomach acids.

Therefore, it is advisable to avoid foods with strong odors to prevent nausea from getting worse.

4. Consuming Ginger or Ginger Drink

Ginger has long been known in traditional medicine to relieve nausea and preventing from stomach viruses and bacteria, even in pregnant women. The chemicals in ginger are believed to affect the nervous system, stomach, and intestines to help reduce nausea.

5. Lie Down and Take Some Rest

Exercising during nausea can make nausea worse and trigger vomiting. Therefore, stop the activity first and rest in a sitting or lying position. Try to keep your head higher than the rest of your body.

Usually, nausea will subside within a few hours. However, if the above methods of eliminating nausea do not work to relieve nausea you are feeling, then you should immediately consult a doctor for proper treatment.

Those are the complete things you have to know about how to stop throwing up and its necessary treatment and prevention you should know. Stay healthy and keep your body in good shape!


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