Tripboba.com - Have you ever suddenly lost your vision on one or even both of your eyes? One of the possible causes of that occurrence is the amaurosis fugax. Amaurosis fugax is also called transient monocular blindness, transient monocular visual loss, and temporary vision loss.
People say eyes are the window of our true selves. You can describe so much from someone's eyes. But, what if you have amaurosis fugax? What is actually amaurosis fugax? To find out the answer, you only need to keep reading this page.
In this article, Tripboba will share several things that you need to know about amaurosis fugax, such as the causes, symptoms, and treatment.
1. What is Amaurosis Fugax?
Amaurosis fugax is a condition of a vision loss in a short period of time. Amaurosis fugax occurs because of a lack of blood flow to the eye retinas. This condition usually occurs suddenly and disappears in a few seconds or minutes.
2. Amaurosis Fugax Causes
Amaurosis fugax is caused by a temporary blockage if blood flow to the eye. Blood clots or plaques, which is a small amount of fat or cholesterol, generally occur in blood vessels. This condition can reduce the blood flow to the eyes and block the carotid arteries which results in temporary loss of vision.
Although amaurosis fugax is not a disease, it can be a sign of other disorders. A person who experienced an amaurosis fugax usually has a history of heart disease, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol.
Other factors that can increase the risk of amaurosis fugax include smoking, brain tumor, head injury, history of multiple sclerosis, history of systemic lupus erythematosus, migraines, inflammation of the optic nerve, and polyarteritis nodosa, which is a disease that affects the blood vessels.
3. Amaurosis Fugax Symptoms
The symptoms of amaurosis fugax include a sudden and temporary loss of vision. A person who experiences amaurosis fugax will feel like there’s something that covers their vision. This situation can appear by itself or with other neurological symptoms.
In some cases, the occurrence of amaurosis fugax can be a symptom of transient ischemic attack or mild stroke. The temporary loss of vision can last for a few seconds to a few minutes.
4. How is Amaurosis Fugax Diagnosed?
If you experience the symptoms of amaurosis fugax, you should go to the doctor or seek for medical help immediately. The doctor will ask you about the symptoms that you experience and ask for your medical history.
After that, the doctor will proceed to a physical examination which includes eye examination. Several tests will also be done, such as CT Scan to identify blockage or damage that might occur to the blood vessels in your eyes.
A blood test will also be carried out to figure out the cholesterol level in your blood and the possibility of blood clotting. And then an electrocardiogram (EKG) examination to identify heartbeat irregularity that has the possibility to cause amaurosis fugax.
5. Amaurosis Fugax Treatment
The treatment of amaurosis fugax depends on the underlying medical condition that a person has. If the cause of the amaurosis fugax is related to a high cholesterol level, which can increase the risk of stroke, then the doctor will give you blood thinners like aspirin or warfarin to reduce the risk of a stroke.
Carotid endarterectomy, which is a surgical procedure to remove the plaque from blocking the carotid arteries can also be done to reduce the risk of amaurosis fugax. If the amaurosis fugax is caused by high blood pressure, then taking medication to lower blood pressure is recommended.
Before amaurosis fugax occurs, there are several things that you can do to prevent it, such as not eating high-fat foods including fried, fast, and processed food too much. Exercising for about 30 minutes and stopping smoking can also help to prevent amaurosis fugax.
If you already have a medical condition such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol, then managing these conditions according to the doctor’s order is a great thing to do.
Experiencing amaurosis fugax can be scary, especially for you who already have a medical condition. But, seeking immediate medical attention can help reduce the risk of the further condition. It is also recommended to maintain a healthy lifestyle and habits to reduce the risk of amaurosis fugax from happening.