Infection can happen in various parts of your body, one of them is in the urinary tract. The most common infection in the urinary tract is the UTI or the urinary tract infection.
Urinary tract infection can even turn into a more serious infection that is called urosepsis. But, what is urosepsis? Is it dangerous?
To answer your questions, Tripboba will share all the things you need to know about urosepsis, such as the definition, causes, symptoms, and treatment.
1. What is Urosepsis?
To understand urosepsis, it is important to understand urinary tract infection or commonly known as UTI. UTI is an infection that affects the part of the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. An infection that affects one of these parts can cause discomfort, pain, and a desire to urinate frequently and fever.
Most of the urinary tract infection happens in the bladder (cystitis) and urethra (urethritis). And urosepsis is a condition in which urinary tract infection spread from the urinary tract to the bloodstream which leads to systemic infection that circulates throughout the body.
2. How Dangerous is Urosepsis?
Urosepsis is a very serious condition and can quickly develop into a life-threatening infection. Even with prompt diagnosis and treatment, urosepsis can still develop into an infection that is difficult to control with medication and care. In the most severe cases, it can cause multisystem organ failure.
3. Urosepsis Causes
Urosepsis is caused by the development of a UTI. UTI itself is caused by bacteria that enter your urinary tract through your urethra, or the tube that functions as the passage where the urine exits the body. One of the ways bacteria can enter into the urethra is through a sexual activity which then can develop into an infection.
The risk of urosepsis can also increase with several factors, such as diabetes, autoimmune disorders like HIV or AIDS, immunosuppression from certain drugs, organ transplants, or chemotherapy, catheter use, corticosteroid treatment, and history of urinary conditions.
Women, older adults, people with existing wounds and injuries, and people over 65 years old are also at a greater risk of developing urosepsis.
4. Urosepsis Symptoms
The symptoms of urinary tract infection can vary from people the people. Some people might experience fever, and some other people may feel normal. The most common signs and symptoms of urosepsis are:
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Pain or pelvic pressure
- Urine with a strong odor
- Severe tiredness
- Difficulty breathing
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Decreased urine output
- Difficulty to Think Clearly
- Rapid heart rate
- Rapid breathing
If you experience the symptoms above, you should immediately go to the doctor or seek medical help to get immediate treatment. Serious urosepsis case can lead to a septic shock where your blood pressure drops to dangerously low levels and can lead to organs failure.
5. Urosepsis Treatment
Where it is easy to treat UTI effectively when it’s caught early, treating urosepsis is more complicated. But, the earlier the detection of urosepsis, the better. The early treatment of urosepsis is aimed to stabilize your body, figure out the cause of infection, and remove the infection.
Urosepsis treatment also includes the use of medications. Medication such as antibiotics will help to eradicate the bacteria that can lead to urosepsis. Taking antibiotics is highly recommended immediately after you’re diagnosed with urosepsis.
Surgery can also be used as urosepsis treatment to remove the source of infection if the source is like pus from an abscess. Late urosepsis treatment will require you to be treated intensively in the hospital intensive care unit or ICU. In the ICE you will receive medical care that includes intravenous (IV) fluids, medications, oxygen, and other medical care.
If the treatment is too late and you go into septic shock, lifesaving treatment will be highly required to stabilize your heart rate and breathing. Medications such as vasopressors will also be given to help increase your blood pressure.
So, those are the things that you need to know about urosepsis. Urosepsis is an emergency medical condition. If you feel the symptoms of UTI, you should go to the doctor immediately and don’t wait for the symptoms to get worse and lead to urosepsis. After all, it’s better to be safe than sorry!