Peanut oil has become popular on the market and considered one of the good cooking oils. Besides being famous for cooking, peanut oil also has several health benefits. American Heart Association (AHHA) even backed this claim. While this oil gives some advantages, it also has several drawbacks that you should notice.
So, before you decide to use peanut oil for cooking, you might read in this article to get a detailed explanation about what peanut oil is, the composition, benefits, as well as disadvantages.
What Is Peanut Oil
Peanut oil is vegetable-derived oil made from peanut plant seeds. Another name for this oil is groundnut oil and Arachis oil. The peanuts are grown underground and this is why peanuts also called groundnuts.
Peanuts are usually a type of legumes like pea and bean family. They also grouped with kind of tree nuts such as walnut and almond. Moreover, peanuts have several ranges of flavors from mild and sweet to nutty and strong.
This oil is commonly used in cooking. It also used to lower cholesterol and prevent heart disease since peanut oil is high in monosaturated good fat. In addition, peanut oil is able to apply to the skin for dry skin, eczema, joint pain, and arthritis.
Nutrients in Peanut Oil
Here are some nutrients you may find in one tablespoon of peanut oil:
- Monosaturated fat (MUFAs): 62, grams
- Saturated fat: 1,3 grams
- Fat: 14 grams
- Vitamin e: 11% of the RDI
- polyunsaturated fat (PUFAs): 6,2 grams
- Calories: 119
- Phytosterols: 27.9 mg
Peanut oil also contains natural antioxidants and good fats that protect cells and help lower cholesterol levels. It one of the reasons why peanut oil is healthy. However, you can not consume it too much because it is very high in calories. It is suggested that when you use the peanut oil to your dish, make a suitable measurement to prevent an overabundance of fat and calories.
Benefits of Peanut Oil
High in Vitamin E
As a great source of vitamin E, peanut oil is believed to have some health benefits. First, it can reduce the risk of heart disease and lowering blood sugar levels inpatient of diabetes. This vitamin may also reduce certain cancers and cataracts.
The vital role of vitamin E consisted of peanut oil is as an antioxidant. It functions to protect the human body from dangerous substances namely free radicals. This free radical may disturb cells if they grow too high in our bodies.
Furthermore, vitamin E also good to keep our immune system strong. Thus, our body will be more protected from any bacteria and viruses.
Improve Insulin Sensitivity
The MUFAs and PUFAs contained in peanut oil may improve blood sugar control in patient of diabetes. Moreover, change saturated fat with PUFas will significantly increase insulin secretion. It prevents blood sugar to get high since insulin helps the cells absorbing glucose.
Peanut oils also benefit for:
- Decreasing appetite for weight loss
- skin problem such as dry skin
- constipation, when applied to the rectum
- Scalp scaling, arthritis, and joint pain if it is applied to the skin
However several scientists do not put a strong position for some benefits from peanut oil.
Aside from many advantages, peanut oil also has potential health risks. Here are several reasons why you should know before consuming peanut oil:
High in Omega-6 Fats
Omega-6 fat is the essential fatty acid and categorized as a type of polyunsaturated fat (POFAs). These omega-6 fats play an important rule in development and growth as well as normal brain function.
Peanut oil has very high omega-6 fats and lacks omega-3. While omega-3 works to fight the inflammation in our body, omega-6 tends to be more pro-inflammatory. Therefore, you should balance the consumption of both omegas.
Vulnerable to Oxidation
Oxidation is commonly happening in unsaturated fats. It is a reaction between oxygen ad substance that can lead to free radicals.
The free radicals which occur when peanut oil oxidized can be harmful to our body. Moreover, as we know that peanut oil has a high amount of POFAs, the use of this oil as a high-heat oil makes it more vulnerable to oxidation. The oxidation may increase the risk of a certain disease.