Ureaplasma: All About the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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Aug 24, 2020 09:00 AM

Our body consists of various cells and even bacterias that are important to function properly. In a normal amount, cells and bacterias are safe for our bodies. But if the amount is too much, it can do harm instead.

One of the conditions that can occur due to too much bacteria in our bodies is ureaplasma. But, what is ureaplasma? Is it dangerous for the body?

In this article, Tripboba will share all about ureaplasma. You will be able to find things that are related to ureaplasma, such as the definition, causes, symptoms, and treatment.

What is Ureaplasma?

Ureaplasma is a group of tiny bacteria that live in the respiratory and urogenital, or urinary and reproductive tract. Ureaplasma is one of the smallest free-living organisms. The size of ureaplasma is so small that even a microscope can’t detect it.

The human body consists of the microbiome, which also includes trillions of tiny cells and one of them is ureaplasma. The function of the tiny organism is for digestion, infection, and keeping reproductive organs to stay in good condition.

Ureaplasma Causes

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In a moderate amount, ureaplasma is harmless. But if the amount of ureaplasma in the body is overgrown too much, it can lead to infection.

Ureaplasma infection can be transmitted through sexual contact and can enter the body through the vagina or urethra. Sexually active adults are a group of people that is highly vulnerable to getting this infection. Although it’s rare, children can also get infected by ureaplasma.

Ureaplasma infection can also occur in pregnant women and newborn babies. Premature newborn babies, especially whose weight is about 2.2 pounds or less are more prone to get ureaplasma infection. Ureaplasma infections in newborn babies can lead to pneumonia, brain injury, lung injury, and breathing problems.

Meanwhile, ureaplasma infection in pregnant women can affect the baby. If a baby got infected with ureaplasma inside the womb, the condition can lead to premature birth, stillbirth, miscarriage, or even premature rupture of membranes. 

Although ureaplasma is transmitted through sexual intercourse, it is not considered as a classic STI (sexually transmitted infections) or STD (sexually transmitted diseases). The reason is that ureaplasma has a low degree of pathogenicity.

People who have a weakened immune system also has a high vulnerability of experiencing ureaplasma, such as people who are HIV-positive and people who have received an organ transplant. 

Ureaplasma Symptoms

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Most people who have ureaplasma do not show any symptoms. There is also no clear evidence that ureaplasma can cause long term health conditions for people who show no symptoms.

But for people with ureaplasma symptoms, they can feel several signs of the infection, such as:

  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Urethral irritation
  • Urethral discharge in men

Ureaplasma can also possibly be one of the causes of bacterial vaginosis. The symptoms of bacterial vaginosis include watery vaginal discharge and unpleasant vaginal odor.

Ureaplasma can also increase several medical conditions, such as premature labor, kidney stones, and respiratory diseases in newborns. Severe ureaplasma infection can lead to meningitis, pneumonia, and infertility. 

Ureaplasma Test

To find out if you get ureaplasma infection, you should go to the doctor to get some lab tests and proper diagnosis. If you experience symptoms of ureaplasma, the doctor can take a sample to get it checked in a lab.

The tests that can help with the diagnosis of ureaplasma infection include cervical swab, urine sample, endometrial biopsy, and endometrial swab. After you get the proper diagnosis, the doctor will then assigned you to the treatment.

Ureaplasma Treatment

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The treatment for ureaplasma infection includes medical treatment. The doctor will prescribe you some antibiotics for ureaplasma infections, such as azithromycin or doxycycline. If the antibiotics give no significant response, the doctor may prescribe you with fluoroquinolones or erythromycin, which is another type of antibiotic. 

Abstaining from sexual contact is the only way to prevent ureaplasma transmission, especially during pregnancy. But you can reduce the risk of ureaplasma transmission by practicing safe sex. Practicing safe sex will also reduce the infections of other STDs. 

So, those are the things that you might know about ureaplasma. Although in general ureaplasma is harmless, you should still be careful and go to the doctor to make sure that everything is under control. 

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