Violin is a wooden string instrument that has the highest pitch of all string instruments. It has four strings attached (G, D, A, E) with different notes and the inside part of the body is hollow. Like all string instruments family, a violin is also needed to be tuned.
It’s definitely easier for you to ask your violin teacher to tune your violin, especially if you’re just learning the instrument for the first time. But, sooner or later you will have to learn it by yourself. Tuning a violin certainly is not easy especially if you’re doing it without automated tools.
But, keep in mind that practice makes perfect. A pro violin player always has their trial and error too when they’re learning to tune their violin, so don’t be discouraged! That’s why you need to start practicing on tuning your violin as early and as often as possible.
In this article, Tripboba will give you a guide on how to tune a violin, both with a tuner and without a tuner. Hopefully with this article, you can tune your own violin and then learn more about your own instrument. Scroll down to find out how to tune a violin!
1. How to tune a violin: the fine tuner
Before we jump into the tutorial of how to tune a violin, we better get to know the parts of the violin we will work with. The first one is the fine tuners. All violins have fine tuners on it. It’s the four little knobs you can turn placed at the end of the strings on the body area.
If you want to change the pitch just a little, the fine tuner is the one you should modify. If the pitch is too low or too flat, you can make it higher by tightening the string with turning to fine tuner clockwise. Conversely, make the pitch lower by loosening the string with turning the fine tuner counterclockwise.
To make the pitch higher, you should turn the peg forward or away from you. Conversely, to make the pitch lower, turn the peg back towards you. You should turn the pegs just a little, as a little turn would already make a big difference.
2. How to tune a violin: the pegs
Just like fine tuners, pegs are also attached to every violin. It’s the thin-shaped knob placed at the end of the strings on the violin’s neck area. So, what makes it different from the fine tuners? Well, pegs are used to change the pitch a lot or make a big difference in the pitch.
3. How to tune a violin with a tuning app
Tuning a violin with a chromatic tuner is certainly easier as long as you have it ready. You don’t have to assume whether the note is correct or not because the tuner will show you exactly if you have to tighten the string or loosen it.
If you’re a beginner and you don’t fully trust your ear, using a chromatic turner or download a tuning app on the app store is a great choice! Here’s how to tune a violin using a tuning app step by step:
Step 1. Download the tuning app on your smartphone.
Step 2. The app usually provides all the keys you want to match with. You can start with A.
Step 3. Place your phone close to the violin.
Step 4. Pluck the string A on your violin. The app will have a needle that will move to the left or right, indicating that the string is too sharp or too flat. Generally, if the needle placed on the left side it means that you have to tighten the string and vice versa.
Step 5. Adjust the fine tuners or the pegs of the violin according to the result from the app.
Step 6. Pluck the string again until the needle is placed at the center point of the dial.
Step 7. Continue with other strings.
4. How to tune a violin without a tuner
Tuning the violin without a tuner means that you’re going to use your own ear. In this case, you will need to compare the pitch of your strings to a correct pitch. You may want to start from the A pitch as well. There are many sources you can compare your violin pitch to, such as Youtube 440 A, a piano, a tuning fork, a pitch pipe, or another person’s in-tune “A”.
Compare the sound of your string with the available source and then decide if you should loosen or tighten the strings using fine tuners or the pegs. The more you practice, the easier it will be!