How to Pray the Rosary for Catholic: A Complete Guide to Learn!

May 05, 2021 03:30 PM

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SHARE - In Roman Catholic beliefs, the Rosary is one of the most beautiful, powerful, and holy prayers. The Rosary is a devotion to God through devotion to the Virgin Mary.

The Rosary is evangelical, Christ-centered, and the twenty Events in it reflect the life of Jesus Christ. If you’re not familiar with how to pray the Rosary, you can start to learn the way with Tripboba.

Let's get started!

How to Pray the Rosary Step by Step

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In this article, Tripboba will share a complete step by step guide on how to pray the rosary. We know that the Rosary gives hope when life is hard. Keep reading for instructions on how to pray the Rosary. Let’s check it out!


Step 1. Begin by touching the Cross and making the Sign of the Cross. To make the Sign of the Cross, touch the forehead with your right hand, then touch the chest, left shoulder, then right shoulder. It doesn't matter if you don't have a rosary necklace. You can follow it silently. When making the Sign of the Cross, say:

  • English: In the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Amen.
  • Latin: In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti. Amen.

Touch your forehead when you say “Father,” touch your breastbone when you say “Son,” touch your left shoulder when you say “Holy Spirit,” and touch your right shoulder when you say “Amen.”

Step 2. Pray for the Apostles' Creed. If you are praying with a rosary necklace, keep holding the necklace by the cross. With your head bowed and in a contemplative manner, say:

  • English: I believe in God, the Almighty Father, Creator of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son our Lord, who was conceived of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary; who suffered under Pontius Pilate was crucified, died, and was buried; who came down to the waiting place on the third day rose from the dead; who ascends to heaven, sits at the right hand of Almighty God the Father; from there he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the fellowship of the saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, eternal life. Amen.
  • Latin: Credo in Deum Patrem omnipotentem, Creatorem caeli et terrae. Et in Iesum Christum, Filium eius unicum, Dominum nostrum, qui conceptus est de Spiritu Sancto, natus ex Maria Virgine, passus sub Pontio Pilato, crucifixus, mortuus, et sepultus, descendit ad inferos, tertia die resurrexit a mortuis, ascendit ad caelos, sedet ad dexteram Dei Patris omnipotentis, inde venturus est iudicare vivos et mortuos. Credo in Spiritum Sanctum, sanctam Ecclesiam catholicam, sanctorum communionem, remissionem peccatorum, carnis resurrectionem, vitam aeternam. Amen.

Step 3. On the first large rosary bead, say the Lord's Prayer.

  • English: Our Father who is in Heaven, be glorified by Your name, come: Your kingdom, Your will will be done on earth, as it is in heaven, give us sustenance for this day. And forgive our iniquities, just as we also forgive those who offend us, and do not subject us to temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.
  • Latin: Pater noster, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. Adventist regnum tuum. Old Fiat voluntas, sicut in caelo et in terra. Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et dimitte nobis debita nostra sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris. Et ne nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo. Amen.

Step 4. On each bead for the next three beads, say the Hail Mary. These three prayers must be said with the intention of increasing faith, hope, and love.

  • English: Hail Mary, full of grace, God be with you. Praise be to you among women, and to praise the fruit of your body, Jesus. Saint Mary, mother of God, pray for us sinners now and when we die. Amen.
  • Latin: Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum. Benedicta tu in mulieribus, et benedictus fructus ventris tui, Jesus. Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis peccatoribus, nunc, et in hora mortis nostrae. Amen.

Step 5. At the next large bead, say a prayer of Glory. Technically, this prayer is said at the distance between the previous three beads and the large bead; the large bead signifies the Lord's prayer.

  • English: Glory to the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit, as in the beginning, now, always and throughout all times. Amen.
  • Latin: Gloria Patri et Filio et Spiritui Sancto. Sicut closely in principio, et nunc et semper et in saecula saeculorum. Amen.

Those are the opening of how to pray the Rosary that you can try. Praying is not only about uttering the words, yet it involves your heart and mind to connect with God. The next steps can be followed on the other pages!

How to Pray the Rosary Everyday

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After the Opening part of the rosary, now you can go on to the next step which is the First Decade. Well, let's follow these guidance of how to pray the Rosary.

First Decade

Step 1. Announce the event. This only needs to be done if you are praying the Rosary as a group. If you pray for it alone, you can choose to reflect on the event. There are several ways that can be selected individually to recite an Event. Choose the way that touches your heart the most.

Traditional rules advocate the contemplation of Happy Events on Monday, Sad Events on Tuesday, and Glorious Events on Wednesdays. The same pattern is repeated from Thursday to Saturday, to be followed by Happy Events again on Sunday. 

The Pope proposed a different schedule for those who wish to pray for 5 decades each day. Monday - Happy, Tuesday - Sad, Wednesday - Noble, Thursday - Bright, Friday - Sad, Saturday - Happy, Sunday - Noble. 

Depending on the day, select the appropriate Event: 

  • The First Joyful Event: Mary received good news from the Angel Gabriel (Luke 1: 26-38)
  • The First Light Event: Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River (Matthew 3: 13-17)
  • The First Sad Event: Jesus prays to His Father in heaven in the Sacrament of Death (Matthew 26: 36-56)
  • The first glorious event: Jesus rose from the dead (John 20: 1-29)

Step 2. On the first rosary bead, say the Lord's Prayer. You will end up on a large bead that precedes the pendant.

Step 3. On each bead for the next ten beads, pray the Hail Mary. One time, Maria's greeting for each bead. Move from bead to bead counterclockwise, pointing to the right of the pendant.

Step 4. Before the next big bead, pray for Glory. After that, you can also choose to say the Fatima Prayer, which is pronounced as follows:

  • English: O dear Jesus, forgive our sins. Save us from the fires of hell, and send souls to heaven, especially souls who desperately need Your mercy, Amen.
  • Latin: Domine Iesu, dimitte nobis debita nostra, salva nos ab igne inferiori, perduc in caelum omnes animas, praesertim eas, quae misericordiae Tuae maxime indigent.

Third Decade

Step 1. Announce the third incident. Again, choose a different event according to the day. Choose one of the following alternatives:

  • Third Joyful Event: Jesus was born in Bethlehem (Luke 2: 1-21)
  • Third Light Event: Jesus preaches the Kingdom of God and cries out for repentance (Mark 1: 14-15)
  • Third Sad Event: Jesus is crowned with thorns (Matthew 27: 27-31)
  • Third glorious event: The Holy Spirit came upon the Apostles (Acts 2: 1-41)

Step 2. Pray for Our Father on the first big bead of the decade. Try to maintain a contemplative atmosphere, even if the same prayer is repeated. Concentrating on the intention of prayer will be very helpful. Are you praying for a friend who is sick? To beg for strength? Also reflect on your own intentions.

Step 3. Pray for the next ten Hail Marys. After completing one prayer, move on to the next bead. You're halfway there! If you don't have the Rosary necklace, your fingers coincidentally equal the number of prayers to say.

Step 4. End the decade with a prayer of Glory. And what's next? That's right, an optional Fatima prayer. Pope Pius XII was the first to start using it. 

How to Pray the Rosary Catholic

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The next step of how to pray Rosary is following the guidance below. Let's check 'em out!

Fourth Decade

Step 1. Announce the fourth incident. Surely you already know what to do. Look at your calendar to determine the Events corresponding to the day. Choose from the following alternatives: [2]

  • Fourth Joyful Event: Jesus is presented in the Temple (Luke 2: 22-38)
  • The Fourth Event of Light: Jesus appeared His glory (Matthew 17: 1-8)
  • Fourth Sad Event: Jesus carries His cross to Mount Calvary (Matthew 27:32)
  • Fourth glorious event: Mary was taken to heaven

Step 2. With a large bead in your hand, pray for the Lord. Prayers in the form of chants are also worthy in God's eyes. If you know a hymn version of the prayer, sing it!

Step 3. Pray ten more Hail Marys. Only a decade left! Try to stick to it and not say it hastily. Hear every word even when you say it to yourself. What do these words really mean?

Step 4. Finish the decade with a prayer of Glory and a prayer of Fatima. Only a decade left! You should be 4/5 walking around the Rosary and back toward the pendant part.

Fifth Decade

Step 1. Announce the fifth event. The last event, but certainly not the least meaningful. Choose from the following alternatives:

  • Fifth Joyful Event: Jesus is found in the Temple (Luke 2: 41-52)
  • Event of the Fifth Light: Jesus instituted the eucharist (Matthew 26)
  • Fifth Sad Event: Jesus dies on the cross (Matthew 27: 33-56)
  • Fifth Glorious Event: Mary is crowned in heaven

Step 2. Pray the Lord's last prayer. Live it seriously, because this is the last! Let every word be so meaningful.

Step 3. Pray for the last ten Hail Marys. Your fingers should get closer to the cross. Are you still in the contemplation? Great.

Step 4. Close the last decade with a prayer of Glory. Still you can do one more Fatima prayer and you are ready to start new prayers.


Step 1. Greetings, Queen of Heaven. You have reached the pendant part. Pray for the following:

  • English: GREETINGS OF HEAVENLY QUEEN, greetings, O Queen, Mother of compassion, life, entertainment and our hope. We all say our prayers, we are troubled, sighing, sighing in this valley of sorrow. O Mother, O our protector, bestow Your great compassion on us. And Jesus, Your praiseworthy Son, may You show us. O Queen, O mother, O Mary, Mother of Christ. Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God. So that we can enjoy the promise of Christ.
  • Latin: Salve, Regina, Mater misericordiae; vita, dulcedo, et spes nostra, salve. Ad te clamamus, exsules filii Hevae; ad te suspiramus, gementes et flentes in hac lacrymarum valle. Eia ergo, advocata nostra, illos tuos misericordes oculos ad nos converte; et Jesum, benedictum fructum ventris tui, nobis post hoc exilium ostende. O clemens, O pia, O dulcis Virgo Maria. Amen.

Step 2. Say the final prayer of the Rosary (optional). Keeping your hand on the pendant, pronounce the following:

  • English: O Allah, Your Son has obtained for us the reward of eternal life through His life, death and resurrection. We ask that by reflecting on the mystery of the Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may live up to its meaning and achieve what it promises. By Christ, our Lord. Amen.
  • Latin: Oremus: Deus, cujus Unigenitus, per vitam, mortem et resurrectionem luk nobis salutis aeternæ praemia comparavit: concede, quaesumus; ut, haec mysteria sanctissimo beatae Mariae Virginis Rosario recolentes; et imitemur quod continent, et quod promittunt, assequamur. Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.

Step 3. Pray for Memorare (optional). This section is the least likely to be prayed for, but it gives a sweet finishing touch to end your intimate time.

  • English: Remember, O very womb Mary, that it has never been heard of you leaving someone who seeks your protection, who asks for your help, who asks for your intercession. Encouraged by this belief we come to take refuge in you, O Virgin of all virgins and Mother. I come to you, I am a sinner lying before you complaining. Mother of the Word, do not refuse my request, but listen willingly and grant it. Amen.
  • Latin: Memorare, O piissima Virgo Maria, a saeculo non esse auditum, quemquam ad old currentem praesidia, old implorantem auxilia, old petentem suffragia, esse derelictum. Ego strap animatus confidentia, ad te, Virgo Virginum, Mater, curro, ad te venio, coram te gemens peccator assisto. Noli, Mater Verb, verb mea despicere; sed audi propitia et exaudi. Amen.

Step 4. Pray the Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary (optional). This prayer consists of a series of requests or exclamations. The litany opens with a series of chants "Have mercy on us" to Christ and the Triune God (each a Divine Self) followed by a series of calls to Mary (in various epithets such as "The Mirror of Holiness"). This prayer concludes with a version of the call to Christ as the Lamb of God as read before Holy Communion at Mass. You can read the entire text of this prayer here.

Step 5. Pray for the Pope and / or those who have passed away (optional). Catholics sometimes add a Our Father's prayer, a Hail Mary, and a prayer of Glory to the reigning Pope, asking him to bless him physically and spiritually. Sometimes, there are also those who read these prayers for those who have passed away, such as loved ones, and especially souls who are in purgatory.

Step 6. Finish by making the Sign of the Cross. Raise your head, feel the enlightenment and live the rest of your day in prayer and meditation. Wasn't that 20 minutes really meaningful?

Well, those are the complete guide of how to pray Rosary that you can follow. Praying is about connecting the being of ourselves and human to the spirits of God. Good luck!


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