How to Cite an Image APA: Clear Guideline to Cite Image from Online and Offline Source

How to Cite an Image APA: Clear Guideline to Cite Image from Online and Offline Source
How to Cite an Image APA - Photo by Daria Shevtsova from Pexels
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Tripboba.com - Adding images in your sources can be an effective way to support your argument and helps the reader to visualize your research. Images should be cited as you would cite any other type of work. So you will need to learn how to cite an image APA for your research paper properly.

In this guide, Tripboba will share with you the right way on how to cite an image APA. These APA image citation formats apply to images and artwork include a drawing, painting, photograph, chart, monograph, map, or diagram. 

How to Cite an Image in APA Format

How to Cite an Image in APA Format
How to Cite an Image APA - Photo by Anthony Shkraba from Pexels

Images in the text are usually accompanied by a caption that consists of copyright information. Before you learn how to cite an Image APA, there are several things to consider. You should find as much information as possible about the image, including:

Name of author, artist, or photographer:

  • Date of publication or creation
  • Title of work
  • A bracketed description of media type (e.g., [Photograph] or [Painting])
  • Publisher, production company, or museum name
  • Location of the publisher (if a museum or university)
  • URL if accessed online
  • type of material (for photographs, charts, online images)
  • website address and access date
  • name of the institution or museum where the work is located (for artworks and museum exhibits)
  • dimensions of the work (for artworks)

For most online images, the above information is accessible since they're usually provided alongside the images. While for digital images, you may use Google's reserve image search to determine the creator and creation date of the images.

How to Cite an Image in APA

How to Cite an Image APA - Photo by Christina Morillo from Pexels

Creating an APA citation for the image is easy. The basic APA image citation includes the creator's name, years, image title, and the format of the image (e.g. painting, photograph, map, etc), and the location of where you access the image.

The below tutorial on how to cite an image APA is based on the APA 7th edition. Let's look for the format and example. 

Basic format: Last name, Initials. (Year). Image title [Format]. Site Name. or Museum, Location. URL

Reference list: van Gogh, V. (1889). The starry night [Painting]. Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY, United States. https://www.moma.org/collection/works/79802

In-text citation:  (van Gogh, 1889)

In APA citation format, there are two different ways how to cite an image APA; citing images that you accessed online and you viewed in person.

image in a gallery or museum seen in-person

Example: Milne, D. (1924). Old R.C.M.P. Barracks [Watercolour]. Ottawa, Ontario: Carleton University Art Gallery.

image in online source

Example: Baumel, A. (2010). Cholera treatment center in Haiti [Online image]. Doctors Without Borders. https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org

How to Cite an Image from a Website APA

How to Cite an Image from a Website APA
How to Cite an Image APA - Photo by Mikael Blomkvist from Pexels

If you want to know how to cite an image APA from the website, follow the below guideline:

Basic format: Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day of Publication). Title of image. Title of Website. URL

Example: Souza, P. (2016, October 26). President Obama, Vice President Biden, and members of his national security team [digital image]. NPR. https://www.npr.org/2016/10/26/499490029/photos-one-photographers-remarkable-chance-to-cover-the-president

Some images may be available in the gallery or museum website, and you can use them too. The following APA image citation guidelines for artwork from a museum can be used for all types of artwork, such as paintings, drawings, photographs, and sculptures. Here's how to cite an image APA from the museum website:

Example: van Gogh, V. (1887). Self-Portrait with a Straw Hat (obverse: The Potato Peeler) [Painting]. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, United States.https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/436532

Example: Milne, D. (ca.1912). Billboards [Painting]. National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.gallery.ca/en/see/collections/artwork.php?mkey=6432.

How to Cite an Online Image APA

How to Cite an Online Image APA
How to Cite an Image APA - Photo by Anthony Shkraba from Pexels

Online images APA citation has a similar format to a website. To differ it, you may [digital image]" after the title of the image for clarification, even it is not compulsory. We will share with you how to cite an image APA which sourced from Instagram Post, database, and other image sharing site.

Image from Instagram Post:

Instagram can also be a source of great photos to include on your paper. If the image you find on Instagram is under a username, you can use the username for the author. 

Then, if the author doesn't put the title of the image, you can provide a short description from the first few words of the image caption.

So, here is the format on how to cite an image APA from an Instagram post:

Basic format:

Username. (Year, Month, and date). The number of followers! [digital image]. URL

Example: Dressed_Podcast. (2019, January 8). 20,000 followers! [digital image]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/BsYKpQkADCr/

Image from a Database:

Example: Maslowski Photo. (2008). Wood Duck [Photograph]. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Digital Library. Retrieved from http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm/singleitem/collection/natdiglib/id/1941/rec/17.

Image from other sites like Wikimedia Commons or Flickr:

Example: Najjar, A. (2005, April 30). Palmyra Tetrapylon, Syria. [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Palmyra_Tetrapylon,_Syria.jpg.

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